baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

©2017 copyright christoph hase

Kurjenrahka National Park , Finland – Pukkipalo Primeval Forest

The park (29 km²) mostly consists of bogs and former managed forest but many small forest islands in the middle of bogs have been spared from logging and resemble primeval forest 1 . The most important of these is Pukkipalo Primeval Forest , the most impressive old-growth forest of southwestern Finland 1 . The trees are in many places more than 150 years old. The forest is not fully unlogged: some of the biggest trees were felled in the early 1900s; nevertheless it has a strong feeling of primeval forest. Opens internal link in current window Picea abies (Norway spruce) dominates. Tree species diversity is low and most species are very easy to identify. Pukkipalo lies at approx. 80 m elevation, its annual precipitation is approx. 650 mm and average annual temperature 4.7 °C.

A hiking trail leads through Pukkipalo . Camping in the National Park is only allowed at designated sites, none of which are in Pukkipalo .

References :


Official site:

Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. Also Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine, centre foreground) and Sorbus aucuparia (European rowan) saplings.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) - Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine, with coarse lower and reddish upper bark) forest. Also Betula pubescens (downy birch) saplings.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) dominated forest. Also Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine, reddish trunks), Betula pubescens (downy birch, right foreground) and Sorbus aucuparia (European rowan) saplings.