baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

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Carmanah Walbran Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada

Opens internal link in current window Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce) achieves its best growth on the alluvial sites of river valleys along the Pacific Coast of North America 1 . The fourth tallest measured specimen - ”Carmanah Giant”, 95.7 metres - is located in Carmanah Walbran Provincial Park (165 km 2 ) on the western side of Vancouver Island 2 . The trail leading to the Giant is closed but magnificent cathedral-like P. sitchensis groves can be seen along the open trails. The noble trunks are tall, smooth pillars, with dense crowns. Besides P. sitchensis the most important species are Opens internal link in current window Tsuga heterophylla (western hemlock), Opens internal link in current window Abies amabilis (Pacific silver fir) and Opens internal link in current window Thuja plicata (western redcedar). Tree species diversity is low and most species are easy to identify.

In the west the park adjoins Opens internal link in current window Pacific Rim National Park Reserve . However, it is not allowed to enter the latter from Carmanah Walbran Park. To reach Carmanah Walbran, there is a long drive on gravel roads through huge clearcuts. Camping is allowed only in designated areas and on Carmanah Creek´s exposed gravel bars.


1 Peterson, Peterson, Weetman & Martin (1997): Ecology and Management of Sitka Spruce, Emphasizing Its Natural Range in British Columbia. Univ. of British Columbia Pr.


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Giant Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce) in the Carmanah Valley, with Abies amabilis (Pacific silver fir, paler bark) and Tsuga heterophylla (western hemlock, left foreground). Elev. 140 m.
Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce).
Carmanah Creek at 130 m. Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce) and Alnus rubra (red alder, with light green foliage).