baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

©2017copyright christoph hase

 

Fagus sylvatica (European beech, Fagaceae)

 

 

Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam) group. Background left, bigger F. sylvatica. Heilige Hallen Nature Reserve, Germany.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir). Izvoarele Nerei Nature Reserve, Romania.
Also Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, scaly bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1120 m.
Also Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, reddish bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir, narrow dark crowns) dominated forest. Biogradsko Jezero in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Abies alba (European silver fir), height 54 m, girth 504 cm. Other trees are A. alba and F. sylvatica. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1266 m.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) in F. sylvatica forest. Girth 462 cm. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden), height 39 cm. F. sylvatica (right). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Salix caprea (goat willow). F. sylvatica, right. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Abies alba (European silver fir) dominated forest. Thin trunks and foliage of F. sylvatica. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1220 m.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) dominated forest. F. sylvatica (smooth bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
Two 56-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce), right (girth 671 cm) and left centre (girth 540 cm). F. sylvatica (pale trunks) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, mossy trunks). The conifer saplings are Abies alba (European silver fir) except the nearest, which is P. abies. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1270 m.
Double-trunked Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), height 41 m, girth 542 cm (taller trunk 360 cm). A. pseudo- platanus also left background and right; F. sylvatica, centre background; Corylus avellana (common hazel), shrub, left. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
F. sylvatica, background; Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), leaning trees; Abies alba (European silver fir), left. Biogradska Rijeka in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
Abies alba (European silver fir). Girth 514 cm, height 48 m. Ulmus glabra (wych elm, larger leaning trunk), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, multi-trunked tree, left background) and F. sylvatica (other trunks). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1260 m.
Bottom: seasonally flooded Salix alba (white willow) forest; behind it Alnus incana (grey alder) - Fraxinus excelsior (European ash) forest; on lower slopes F. sylvatica dominated forest; on upper slopes Abies alba (European silver fir) dominated forest; top right: narrow crowns of Picea abies (Norway spruce); extreme left: two large Fraxinus excelsior (European ash). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Some broadleaf trees of Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
F. sylvatica forest. On the rock on the right, Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, tree) and Sambucus nigra (black elder, shrub). Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
F. sylvatica forest. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) between the two nearest trees. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Mainly Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica on a wall of Steneto Gorge. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Steneto Gorge. Mainly Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Ostrya carpinifolia (hop hornbeam, left) and Picea abies (Norway spruce, left centre) on rock in Steneto Gorge. Other trees: F. sylvatica. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Acer heldreichii (Heldreich's maple) in F. sylvatica forest. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
In the foreground Picea abies (Norway spruce) at the timberline. In the background mainly Abies alba (European silver fir), P. abies and F. sylvatica. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, two trees in the foreground and one on the rigth with a broken branch); Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, immediately left and almost hidden by the largest A. pseudoplatanus); F. sylvatica (other trees). Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Steneto Gorge. Mainly Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Also Pinus nigra (European black pine), bottom with long branches. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Steneto Gorge. Ostrya carpinifolia (hop hornbeam) foliage in the foreground. Mainly Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica in the background. Steneto Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Canopy of F. sylvatica dominated forest. Dzhendema Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
A single Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, dark trunk) has survived severe competition with the dominant F. sylvatica forest due to its favourable position on the bank of a small stream. Dzhendema Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
F. sylvatica dominated forest. Dzhendema Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
F. sylvatica dominated forest. Dzhendema Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Some tree species of Dzhendema Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Mittelsteighütte, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Two Abies alba (European silver fir) with rough bark. F. sylvatica, other trees. Hans-Watzlik-Hain, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) - F. sylvatica forest. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Large Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple). Two further A. pseudoplatanus, left background. F. sylvatica, thin trees. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Large Abies alba (European silver fir) and Picea abies (Norway spruce, the larger of the fused trunks) and thin F. sylvatica. Mittelsteighütte, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) seedlings. In the background P. abies (larger trunk) and F. sylvatica. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings and seedlings. F. sylvatica foliage, left. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) foliage, right. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. P. abies and Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings, the latter with bluegreen foliage. Large F. sylvatica, centre background. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), left centre. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica saplings. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce, straight trunks), Abies alba (European silver fir, large tree centre background and foliage right), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, thin trunks and foliage, foreground), F. sylvatica (right centre and below the cliff). Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Quercus robur (pedunculate oak, centre) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Torminalis glaberrima (syn. Sorbus torminalis, wild service tree) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica (smooth bark), Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, furrowed bark), Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam, striped bark). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Tilia × europaea (common linden, foreground), Tilia cordata (small-leaved linden, next left from T. x europaea), F. sylvatica (other trees). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Prunus avium (wild cherry). Also Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, large trees with fissured bark), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, right centre) and F. sylvatica (smooth grey bark). Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica forest. Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam), striped tree, left. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Ulmus glabra (wych elm) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Two Fraxinus excelsior (European ash), foreground. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), right. Other trees: F. sylvatica. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, big trees, left and right), Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam, 2 striped trees, centre), F. sylvatica (other trees). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Some tree species of Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica (right and young trees), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, centre), Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden, background left). Fauler Ort Nature Reserve, Germany.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden, foreground), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, background centre right), F. sylvatica (big tree background right and young trees). Fauler Ort Nature Reserve, Germany.
F. sylvatica forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir). Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica dominated forest. Also Quercus petraea (sessile oak) with furrowed bark. Müritz National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica and Picea abies (Norway spruce). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir, background and the grey trunk on the left) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir), F. sylvatica and Picea abies (Norway spruce, background centre with reddish trunk). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Avalanche cleared gap. Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Seedlings of Picea abies (Norway spruce, top left and right), Abies alba (European silver fir, bottom centre and right), F. sylvatica (bottom left) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, centre). Rothwald Primeval Forest.