baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

©2017copyright christoph hase

 

Fagus sylvatica (European beech, Fagaceae)

 

 

Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam) group. Background left, bigger F. sylvatica. Heilige Hallen Nature Reserve, Germany.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir). Izvoarele Nerei Nature Reserve, Romania.
Also Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, scaly bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1120 m.
Also Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, reddish bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir, narrow dark crowns) dominated forest. Biogradsko Jezero in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Abies alba (European silver fir), height 54 m, girth 504 cm. Other trees are A. alba and F. sylvatica. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1266 m.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) in F. sylvatica forest. Girth 462 cm. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden), height 39 cm. F. sylvatica (right). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Salix caprea (goat willow). F. sylvatica, right. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Abies alba (European silver fir) dominated forest. Thin trunks and foliage of F. sylvatica. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1220 m.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) dominated forest. F. sylvatica (smooth bark). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
Two 56-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce), right (girth 671 cm) and left centre (girth 540 cm). F. sylvatica (pale trunks) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, mossy trunks). The conifer saplings are Abies alba (European silver fir) except the nearest, which is P. abies. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1270 m.
Double-trunked Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), height 41 m, girth 542 cm (taller trunk 360 cm). A. pseudo- platanus also left background and right; F. sylvatica, centre background; Corylus avellana (common hazel), shrub, left. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
F. sylvatica, background; Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), leaning trees; Abies alba (European silver fir), left. Biogradska Rijeka in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
Abies alba (European silver fir). Girth 514 cm, height 48 m. Ulmus glabra (wych elm, larger leaning trunk), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, multi-trunked tree, left background) and F. sylvatica (other trunks). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1260 m.
Bottom: seasonally flooded Salix alba (white willow) forest; behind it Alnus incana (grey alder) - Fraxinus excelsior (European ash) forest; on lower slopes F. sylvatica dominated forest; on upper slopes Abies alba (European silver fir) dominated forest; top right: narrow crowns of Picea abies (Norway spruce); extreme left: two large Fraxinus excelsior (European ash). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Some broadleaf trees of Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Mittelsteighütte, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Two Abies alba (European silver fir) with rough bark. F. sylvatica, other trees. Hans-Watzlik-Hain, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) - F. sylvatica forest. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Large Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple). Two further A. pseudoplatanus, left background. F. sylvatica, thin trees. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Large Abies alba (European silver fir) and Picea abies (Norway spruce, the larger of the fused trunks) and thin F. sylvatica. Mittelsteighütte, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) seedlings. In the background P. abies (larger trunk) and F. sylvatica. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings and seedlings. F. sylvatica foliage, left. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) foliage, right. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. P. abies and Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings, the latter with bluegreen foliage. Large F. sylvatica, centre background. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), left centre. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica saplings. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce, straight trunks), Abies alba (European silver fir, large tree centre background and foliage right), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, thin trunks and foliage, foreground), F. sylvatica (right centre and below the cliff). Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Quercus robur (pedunculate oak, centre) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Torminalis glaberrima (syn. Sorbus torminalis, wild service tree) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica (smooth bark), Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, furrowed bark), Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam, striped bark). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Tilia × europaea (common linden, foreground), Tilia cordata (small-leaved linden, next left from T. x europaea), F. sylvatica (other trees). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Prunus avium (wild cherry). Also Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, large trees with fissured bark), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, right centre) and F. sylvatica (smooth grey bark). Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica forest. Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam), striped tree, left. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Ulmus glabra (wych elm) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Two Fraxinus excelsior (European ash), foreground. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), right. Other trees: F. sylvatica. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, big trees, left and right), Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam, 2 striped trees, centre), F. sylvatica (other trees). Hainich National Park, Germany.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden) in F. sylvatica forest. Hainich National Park, Germany.
Some tree species of Hainich National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica (right and young trees), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, centre), Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden, background left). Fauler Ort Nature Reserve, Germany.
Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved linden, foreground), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, background centre right), F. sylvatica (big tree background right and young trees). Fauler Ort Nature Reserve, Germany.
F. sylvatica forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica forest. Abies alba (European silver fir) saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir). Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
F. sylvatica dominated forest. Also Quercus petraea (sessile oak) with furrowed bark. Müritz National Park, Germany.
F. sylvatica and Picea abies (Norway spruce). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir, background and the grey trunk on the left) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Abies alba (European silver fir), F. sylvatica and Picea abies (Norway spruce, background centre with reddish trunk). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Avalanche cleared gap. Abies alba (European silver fir), Picea abies (Norway spruce) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Seedlings of Picea abies (Norway spruce, top left and right), Abies alba (European silver fir, bottom centre and right), F. sylvatica (bottom left) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, centre). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Foreground: two Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) and F. sylvatica saplings. Background: F. sylvatica, Abies alba (European silver fir) and Picea abies (Norway spruce). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Dead Picea abies (Norway spruce), girth 452 cm. Also young F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
52-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce). Also Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
49-metre Abies alba (European silver fir). Other trees: A. alba and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
The top of 49-metre Abies alba (European silver fir, centre). Other trees: A. alba and F. sylvatica. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Dead Abies alba (European silver fir), girth 385 cm, with adjacent live young A. alba. Small F. sylvatica in the background. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
F. sylvatica - Abies alba (European silver fir) forest. Elev. approx. 1500 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Abies alba (European silver fir), height 52 m, girth 526 cm, at approx. 1400 m. Other trees: A. alba and F. sylvatica. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Picea abies (Norway spruce), height 49 m, girth 534 cm, at approx. 1500 m. Other trees: F. sylvatica and Abies alba (European silver fir). Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Abies alba (European silver fir) - F. sylvatica forest at approx. 1400 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Grove of about 55 m tall Picea abies (Norway spruce) and 35-39 m tall Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple). 55-metre P. abies, left. 54-metre P. abies, foreground. 39-metre A. pseudoplatanus, mossy tree beyond author. F. sylvatica saplings. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Perućica Valley from approx. 1300 m. Maglić Mountain (2386 m), left. Mainly F. sylvatica, Abies alba (European silver fir) and Picea abies (Norway spruce). Pinus nigra (European black pine), left, and atop bare rock face, lower right. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
57-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce, girth 340 cm), to right of Michael Spraggon. 52-metre Abies alba (European silver fir), left foreground. Behind it with top visible 54-metre A. alba (girth 400 cm). Young F. sylvatica, right. Elev. 1050 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Pinus nigra (European black pine) grove at 1300 m. Abies alba (European silver fir), and F. sylvatica foliage. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
F. sylvatica stand. Tilia cordata (small-leaved linden, left with sprouts), Quercus petraea (sessile oak, big tree centre background). Boky National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Some tree species of Boky National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica (with smooth grey bark). Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, right centre), height 39.1 m, girth 292 cm. Other trees: Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Abies alba (European silver fir) - F. sylvatica forest. Two 54-metre A. alba on the left. Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine). Also Abies alba (European silver fir) and F. sylvatica. Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Abies alba (European silver fir) dominated forest. Also Pinus nigra (European black pine, right), Picea abies (Norway spruce, larger tree, centre) and F. sylvatica (saplings). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Seedlings of Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine, centre), Abies alba (European silver fir, bottom right) and F. sylvatica (top right). Long cone of P. peuce and shorter of Pinus nigra (European black pine). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus heldreichii (Bosnian pine). Also Abies alba (European silver fir, left) and F. sylvatica (right). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.