baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

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Abies nordmanniana (Nordmann fir, Pinaceae)

 

 

A. nordmanniana, height 60.5 m, girth 391 cm. A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest with Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) understory. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
A. nordmanniana, Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, yellowish leaves, centre). Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Dead wood in A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
On slopes mainly A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Alnus incana (grey alder) along the creek. On the slope A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Mainly A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Subalpine forest with Acer trautvetteri (red-bud maple), Betula pubescens var. litwinowii (Caucasian downy birch, white bark), Sorbus aucuparia (European rowan, saplings, left) and A. nordmanniana. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
A. nordmanniana, height 59.5 m, girth 454 cm. Other trees: A. nordmanniana and Fagus orientalis (oriental beech). Shrubs: Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana, Fagus orientalis (oriental beech), Sambucus nigra (black elder, small tree, centre), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
A. nordmanniana - Fagus orientalis (oriental beech) forest. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Part of Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia. Dominated by A. nordmanniana and Fagus orientalis (oriental beech).
In the foreground Fagus orientalis (oriental beech), height 46.5 m, girth 254 cm. Other trees: A. nordmanniana and F. orientalis. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Fagus orientalis (oriental beech), A. nordmanniana, Acer platanoides (Norway maple, left), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, background with scaly bark), Sambucus nigra (black elder, shrubs in the foreground), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs in the background). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Tall and dense Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) thicket. In the background A. nordmanniana and Fagus orientalis (oriental beech). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Fagus orientalis (oriental beech), A. nordmanniana, Tilia begoniifolia (Caucasian linden, right with furrowed bark), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Valley bottom at 1140 m. Approx. 50-metre A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana (Caucasian fir, centre background), small Picea orientalis (Caucasian spruce, centre), A. nordmanniana foliage (extreme right), Corylus avellana (common hazel, left foreground) and Tilia begoniifolia (Caucasian linden, trunk on the left). Borjomi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
Seedlings of A. nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana (Caucasian fir, left) and Picea orientalis (Caucasian spruce). Borjomi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
Some trees (and tall shrubs) at lower elevations of Borjomi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia. T. dasystyla subsp. caucasica = T. begoniifolia.