baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

©2017copyright christoph hase

 

Abies alba (European silver fir, Pinaceae)

 

 

Height 54 m, girth 504 cm. Other trees are A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1266 m.
Girth 514 cm, height 48 m. Ulmus glabra (wych elm, larger leaning trunk), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, multi-trunked tree, left background) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, other trunks). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1260 m.
The same specimen as in image 2. Biogradska Gora National Park.
Also thin trunks and foliage of Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1220 m.
Bases of A. alba, left, and Prunus avium (wild cherry) on shore of Biogradsko Jezero, Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
A. alba, left; Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), leaning trees; Fagus sylvatica (European beech), background. Biogradska Rijeka in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at about 1100 m.
The 56.2-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce) of image 11 on the right. The other big P. abies, left centre, is 56.0 m tall with a girth of 540 cm. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, mossy trunks) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, pale trunks). The conifer saplings are A. alba except the nearest, which is P. abies. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1270 m.
59-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce) emerging from conifer canopy. Left from it A. alba and right P. abies. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) and Ulmus glabra (wych elm, left). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1200 m.
Ulmus glabra (wych elm), height 40 m, girth 492 cm. A. alba (left) and Fraxinus excelsior (European ash, right). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Two large Ulmus glabra (wych elm) trees. Right: height 38 m, girth 541 cm; left: height 38 m, girth 450 cm. Young A. alba and Picea abies (Norway spruce, partly hidden behind foreground U. glabra). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro at 1270 m.
Picea abies (Norway spruce). Height 56.2 m, girth 671 cm, volume 40-50 cubic metres. A. alba foliage, foreground. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1270 m.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) and A. alba (narrow dark crowns) dominated forest. Biogradsko Jezero in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro, at 1100 m.
Seasonally flooded Salix alba (white willow) forest. On slopes, Fagus sylvatica (European beech) - A. alba dominated forest. Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
Bottom: seasonally flooded Salix alba (white willow) forest; behind it Alnus incana (grey alder) - Fraxinus excelsior (European ash) forest; on lower slopes Fagus sylvatica (European beech) dominated forest; on upper slopes A. alba dominated forest; top right: narrow crowns of Picea abies (Norway spruce); extreme left: two large Fraxinus excelsior (European ash). Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro.
51.8-metre A. alba at approx. 1400 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Height 52 m, girth 526 cm, at approx. 1400 m. Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
52-metre A. alba, left foreground. Behind it with top visible 54-metre A. alba (girth 400 cm). 57-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce, girth 340 cm), to right of Michael Spraggon. Young Fagus sylvatica (European beech), right. Elev. 1050 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
A. alba - Fagus sylvatica (European beech) forest at approx. 1400 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Picea abies (Norway spruce), height 49 m, girth 534 cm, at approx. 1500 m. Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) - A. alba forest. Elev. approx. 1500 m. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Ostrya carpinifolia (hop hornbeam) grove. A. alba saplings. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Pinus nigra (European black pine) grove at 1300 m. A. alba, and Fagus sylvatica (European beech) foliage. Perućica Nature Reserve, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) forest. A. alba saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) forest. A. alba saplings. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) and A. alba. Stužica National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
A. alba - Fagus sylvatica (European beech) forest. Two 54-metre A. alba on the left. Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, with smooth grey bark). Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, right centre), height 39.1 m, girth 292 cm. Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Dobroč National Nature Reserve, Slovakia.
Two A. alba with rough bark. Fagus sylvatica (European beech), other trees. Hans-Watzlik-Hain, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Large A. alba and Picea abies (Norway spruce, the larger of the fused trunks) and thin Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Mittelsteighütte, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce, straight trunks), A. alba (large tree centre background and foliage right), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, thin trunks and foliage, foreground), Fagus sylvatica (European beech, right centre and below the cliff). Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. A. alba saplings. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. A. alba saplings and seedlings. Fagus sylvatica (European beech) foliage, left. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) foliage, right. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. P. abies and A. alba saplings, the latter with bluegreen foliage. Large Fagus sylvatica (European beech), centre background. Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple), left centre. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Picea abies (Norway spruce) forest. A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech) saplings. Höllbachgspreng, Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany.
Dead A. alba, girth 385 cm, with adjacent live young A. alba. Small Fagus sylvatica (European beech) in the background. Rothwald Primeval Forest.
The top of 49-metre A. alba (centre). Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
49-metre A. alba. Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
Seedlings of Picea abies (Norway spruce, top left and right), A. alba (bottom centre and right), Fagus sylvatica (European beech, bottom left) and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, centre). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
A. alba, Fagus sylvatica (European beech) and Picea abies (Norway spruce, background centre with reddish trunk). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
52-metre Picea abies (Norway spruce). Also A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
A. alba (background and the grey trunk on the left) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Rothwald Primeval Forest.
A. alba, height 52.0 m, girth 289 cm. Other trees: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Elev. approx. 1550 m. Parangalitsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Picea abies (Norway spruce), A. alba (e.g. saplings foreground) and Salix caprea (goat willow). Elev. approx. 1650 m. Parangalitsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Picea abies (Norway spruce), A. alba (e.g. foreground left) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Elev. approx. 1650 m. Parangalitsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Foreground (south-facing slope): Acer platanoides (Norway maple, extreme left), A, alba (left and centre), Fagus sylvatica (European beech, left), Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine, right) and Betula pendula (silver birch, right). Background (north-facing slope) mostly Picea abies (Norway spruce), A. alba and B. pendula. Rila Monastery Forest Reserve, Bulgaria.
North-facing slope. Betula pendula (silver birch, broadleaf trees), Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine, conifers with light green crowns), Picea abies (Norway spruce, medium green crowns), A. alba (dark green crowns). Rila Monastery Forest Reserve, Bulgaria.
North-facing slope on the left, south-facing slope on the right. Betula pendula (silver birch, foreground), Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine, the trees behind B. pendula), A. alba (left between P. peuce trees). Rila Monastery Forest Reserve, Bulgaria.
A. alba dominated forest. Also Pinus nigra (European black pine, right), Picea abies (Norway spruce, larger tree, centre) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, saplings). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Seedlings of Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine, centre), A. alba (bottom right) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, top right). Long cone of P. peuce and shorter of Pinus nigra (European black pine). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Acer heldreichii (Heldreich's maple). Background: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus peuce (Macedonian pine). Also A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus nigra (European black pine) grove. Also A. alba saplings. Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus nigra (European black pine) grove. Also two Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine, left with reddish trunks), saplings of Fagus sylvatica (European beech) and A. alba. Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Pinus heldreichii (Bosnian pine). Also A. alba (left) and Fagus sylvatica (European beech, right). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Taxus baccata (European yew). Background: A. alba and Fagus sylvatica (European beech). Baiuvi dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Strict Nature Reserve, Bulgaria.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) and A. alba. Izvoarele Nerei Nature Reserve, Romania.